How To Use The Hip To Waist Ratio
The hip-to-waist ratio is used as a guideline to determine risk factors based on body type and where the excess fat in a body is stored.
A person with an apple shape holds most excess body fat in the abdominal section. The body will convert and use this midsection fat for energy if the body runs short for any reason (not eating or running out of available calories). Converting abdominal fat this way increases blood pressure as well as raises cholesterol levels. The apple shape tends to have an increased risk of stroke, diabetes, and heart disease.
A person with a pear shape holds most excess body fat on the hips or lower part of the body. Since the body cannot use this fat as easily when energy runs out, the processes do not occur that will raise blood pressure and cholesterol levels. While still not ideal, the pear shape does not have as high an increased risk of diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.
Calculate your waist to hip ratio
Not sure what body type you are? The hip to waist ratio is a simple method for finding out.
- locate the upper hip bone and place a measuring tape around the abdomen at the narrowest point between the lower rib and the hip bone.
- Now measure your hip circumference by placing the tape around the widest part of your hips.
- The waist to hip ratio is calculated by dividing the waist measurement by the hip measurement. If you are .80 or above you are an apple. Below .80 you are a pear.
During medical weight loss, you may find that your body type looks different as you lose weight, but how you gain weight and your body type does not change so keep this in mind as you work toward identifying an lowering your health risk factors.