Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

Type-2 diabetes is an obesity-related disease that develops when the body becomes unable to properly use insulin, which moderates glucose levels in the blood. This form of diabetes most commonly develops in overweight adults, though increasing numbers of children are also developing the disease.

Type-2 diabetes is now the most common form of diabetes, affecting approximately 25.8 million American adults and children.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type-2 diabetes is commonly referred to as insulin resistance diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the cells absorb glucose—or sugar. When the cells absorb glucose, it is converted into fuel and used for energy. In individuals with type-2 diabetes, the cells become resistant to insulin, causing levels of glucose to rise in the bloodstream.

Insulin Absorption in Healthy Individuals Type-2 Diabetes

Certain factors increase your risk of developing type-2 diabetes. They include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Increased age
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Eating a diet rich in fat and sugar
  • A family history of the condition

Understanding Pre-Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes will often onset as pre-diabetes, a condition marked by insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels. An individual with pre-diabetes will have higher than healthy glucose levels in the blood, but not high enough to be considered diabetic.

Pre-diabetes will generally transition into type-2 diabetes within 10 years if preventative steps are not taken.

Symptoms of Type-2 Diabetes

Someone with pre-diabetes may not experience any symptoms. As type-2 diabetes progresses, certain symptoms may develop.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent Urination
  • Blurred Vision

Treatment for Type-2 Diabetes

Steps can be taken to prevent and even reverse the onset of prediabetes and type-2 diabetes. Weight loss is one of the most effective methods for reducing your risk of this condition.

Type-2 diabetes is generally addressed through a collection of therapy methods, including:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medications
  • Insulin injections

Becoming more active, making healthy changes to your diet and losing weight can reverse the onset of diabetes, encouraging normal insulin production and absorption. Many people who are overweight or obese will experience improvements in their type-2 diabetes symptoms after moderate weight loss success.