What You Need to Know About Overweight and Obesity

Posted: Aug 14 in Lifestyle by

Both overweight and obesity are conditions of weighing more than a healthy weight. Adult overweight and obesity are serious conditions because they put you at greater risk for other chronic illnesses. Treatment for adult overweight and obesity is necessary to prevent the complications that can arise from these conditions.


How Overweight and Obesity Are Diagnosed

Your health care provider can calculate your body mass index (BMI) to diagnose adult overweight or obesity. BMI is a measurement based on your height and weight. A BMI of 25 to 29.9 meets the criteria for overweight. To meet the threshold for obesity, your BMI would have to be 30 or over.


Possible Consequences of Overweight and Obesity

A health care provider can counsel an overweight adult to prevent the additional weight gain that could result in obesity. Many undesirable health outcomes are associated with obesity. Although not every obese person experiences every possible complication of the condition, obesity does put you at greater of developing:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sleep apnea
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Certain cancers
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

The good news is a modest weight loss of 5 to 10 percent lowers a person’s risk of the complications linked to obesity.


Treatment for Overweight and Obesity

If you have been diagnosed with overweight or obesity, lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes and increased physical activity are usually the first line of treatment. The best practice is to consult your health care provider before starting an exercise program.

Also, your primary care provider can suggest ways to make your diet healthier, like:

  • Limiting sugary drinks
  • Increasing water intake
  • Decreasing consumption of nutrient-poor foods such as candy, cake, and chips
  • Eating more nutrient-dense foods that make you feel full like vegetables, fruit, and whole-grains

The important takeaway is that treating overweight or obesity is necessary to achieve overall wellness. Yet, it can be difficult to manage either condition without professional support. Your primary healthcare provider can be a valuable partner in your weight management efforts.

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